Unit Objectives:FLAPPER.jpg

Social Characteristics:
  • Evaluate the changing cultural roles
  • Characterize the demographics of America in the 1920s
  • Assess the characteristics of the Heroes of the 1920s
Cultural Clashes:
  • Evaluate the influence of Mass Media on the culture
  • Assess the influence of the 1920s counter cultures
  • Understand the tensions between racial groups
Political Changes:
  • Compare the presidencies of Harding and Coolidge to Wilson's term
  • Evaluate the reasoning behind the Red Scare
  • Assess the changes in national economic policies
  • Explain the factors that encouraged consumerism
  • Evaluate the influence of on the American culture
  • Validate the use of the stock market during the 1920s
Effects of the Great Depression:
  • Assess the social effects of the depression
  • Evaluate the methods used to survive the Great Depression
  • Explain how the Great Depression influenced the Presidential elections of the 1930s
The New Deal
  • Compare and Contrast Hoover and FDR's reactions to the Great Depression
  • Evaluate the New Deal and it's critics


Essential Questions:

1. What effect did WW1 have on America?
2. How would you characterize the mood of the 1920s?
3. Could the Great Depression have been avoided?
4. How could the Great Depression be solved?

Key Terms: Important items, people and events of the era.

-Be sure know why they are important, not just their definitions.

Chapter 20:
flapper, demographics, barrio, new ladies' fashion, 19th Amendment, Urban growth, Jim Crow Laws, African American Migration, Immigrant movements, City transportation, Charles Lindbergh, Amelia Earhart, Jack Dempsey, Jim Thorpe, Babe Ruth, Gertrude Ederle, mass media, Jazz Age, Lost Generation, Harlem Renaissance, talkies, The Jazz Singer, Mass Communication, Duke Ellington, Louis Armstrong, Georgia O'Keeffe, Benny Goodman, the Charleston, "Jazz Spirit", SInclair Lewis, Langston Hughes, bootleggers, speakeasies, fundamentalism, Scopes Trial, Prohibition, Al Capone, KKK, Garvey Movement, NAACP
Chapter 21:
communism, Red Scare, isolationism, disarmament, quota, Teapot Dome scandal, Kellogg-Briand Pact, Warren G. Harding, the Russian Revolution, the Palmer Raids, Schenk v. US, Gitlow v. New York, Sacco and Vanzetti, Major Strikes of the 1920s, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover, Nativism, Laissez Faire, The Election of 1928, consumer economy, installment plan, Gross National Product (GNP), assembly Line, buying on Credit, influence of Electric Power, influence of advertising, Henry Ford, influence of business growth on Farmers, welfare capitalism, speculation, buying on margin, "Everybody Ought to be Rich", stock market, Supply and Demand
Chapter 22:
Dow Jones Industrial Average, Black Tuesday, Great Crash, business cycle, Great Depression, Black Thursday, Black Tuesday, Ripple Effects of the Crash: Impact on Business, Workers, Farmers, the World; Underlying causes of the Great Depression, Hooverville, Dust Bowl, Impact of the Great Depression on: Health, Families, Discrimination; penny auction, 21st Amendment, Hobo, the Empire State Building, Hawley-Smoot tariff, Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC), Bonus Army, Herbert Hoover, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, "New Deal", Election of 1932
Chapter 23:
New Deal, hundred Days, public works program, CCC, AAA, TVA, Second New Deal, Wagner Act, closed shop, Social Security system, Eleanor Roosevelt, NIRA, NRA, American Liberty League, demagogue, nationalization, deficit spending, Father Coughlin, Huey Long, Critics of the Great Depression (Then and Modern), Court-Packing, recession, national debt, revenue, coalition, sit-down strike, AFL, CIO, New Deal effects on Culture: Literature, Radio, Movies, Arts; Lasting New Deal Achievements
Chapter 20-21 Study Guide
Chapter 22-23 Study Guide

Class Notes:

Chapter 20
Chapter 21
Chapter 22
Chapter 23
20.1 Society in the 1920s.ppt
20.2 Mass Media in the Jazz Age
20.3 Cultural Conflicts.ppt
21.1 A Republican Decade
21.2 A Business Boom!!.ppt
21.3 Review The Economy of the Late 1920s.ppt
22.1 The Stock Market Crash
22.3 Surviving the Great Depression
22.4 The Election of 1932.ppt
23-1 Forging a New Deal.ppt
23.2 The New Deal’s Critics.ppt
23.3 No Blanks.ppt

Unit Review:


Chapter 20
Chapter 21
Chapter 22
Chapter 23
Guided Readings:
Guided Readings:
Guided Readings:
Guided Readings:

Fundamentalists vs. "Moderns"

As we were discussing the Scopes Trial today and the increasing debate over the "Separation of Church and State", a member of C Block rightly said that the phrase "Under God" was added to the Pledge to the American Flag sometime after its adoption by the United States. The pledge was established in 1892, and was actually written by Francis Bellamy (the cousin of author Edward Bellamy, whom we have already discussed). A few changes were made throughout the years, but the most controversial was the addition of the phrase "under God" was added in 1954. I have found a very interesting clip about the Pledge, and it offers a great explanation to its meaning. The speaker is an American comedian, although this piece is not a humorous one.

Old Time Radio Broadcasts: Use your imagination to see the world created by your radio.



Charlie Chaplin's Table Ballet

George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue

Langston Hughes read a portion of I, Too am America

Louis Armstrong's When the Saints Go Marching In.
This recording was produced more recently than the 20s, but it shows the Spirit of Jazz mixed with Negro Spirituals.

James Weldon Johnson's "The Creation"
(I had to memorize this poem in Middle School, listen to the power in the words)

The Great Depression

Brother, Can You Spare a Dime?

Life is Just a Bowl of Cherries

We're in the Money

(If You Ain't Got the) Do Re Mi

Recognizing Great Depression Themes:

In the 1970s, "The Waltons" was a popular American TV show. The show, based on Earl Hamner's book Spencer's Mountain, centered on a Virginian mountain family during the Great Depression, and eventually spanning into World War II. In order to evaluate your knowledge of the Great Depression, I am offering you the opportunity to earn a little extra credit. On your next test, there will be a section that asks questions that come from "The Waltons" episodes listed below. You watch as many or as few as you wish, but as you watch them look for things that remind you of the Great Depression, the New Deal, and the overall feelings of the time. I've only posted the first part of all the episodes, so you'll have to find the link for the rest of the parts once you get to youtube. Have fun, enjoy the TV shows, and watch critically.

The Boy from the CCC

The Conflict

The Foundling

The Dust Bowl Cousins

The Calf

The Carnival

The Caretakers

The Typewriter