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The Civil War Project


Task 1:
Name
Rank
Significance
Side
Abraham Lincoln
1
Abraham Lincoln was such an important figure before and after the Civil War. He tried to abolish slavery, and was dedicated to abolishing slavery for good. The South did not want him to become president, but he won without their support which is very impressive. Although he was assassinated before he could carry out all his plans, he was still very influential.
Union
Harriet Beecher Stowe
2
A woman who had a great impact in spurring up the Civil War, Harriet Beecher Stowe was outspoken and unafraid to speak against slavery and the immorality it held in its existence. By writing Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Stowe persuaded many to disagree with slavery, indirectly building the nation up to a Civil War. Her fame and the disagreements towards slavery spread all the way to Europe, convincing many others with her strong moral beliefs and ideas to turn against it. During the Civil War, she met with Abraham Lincoln due to the vigorous impact she had on the nation. Lincoln is said to have addressed as, “... the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war!” Her words convinced many to argue for better rights for blacks. She could, in a way, also be thanked for bringing an end to slavery. For if not for her, not as many people would’ve been involved in the Civil War or interested in what happened to the slaves afterwards. Her legacy lives on after the war, as it could be said that the equality achieved between all people in the world today (despite their skin colors) is somewhat due to Stowe.
Union
Jefferson Davis
3
First of all, president Davis ordered General P.G.T. Beauregard to make Anderson to surrender Fort Sumter. When Anderson refused, the Confederates took open fire and took over. Another importance of Jefferson Davis was his support of the independence of the Confederacy. He strongly supported the idea of the Southerners seceding from the Union to form their own country.
Confederate
John C. Calhoun
4
John C. Calhoun was the senator of South Carolina. Calhoun opposed the Compromise of 1850 and also believed that the southern states had the right to leave the Union if that were necessary for their own protection. He also stated his belief that the Northerners were interfering with their liberty in that the stopping of slavery would be taking away property from the Southerners. In short, he was one of the first to suggest secession of the southern states if necessary which is a great event that will take place during the Civil War.
Confederate
Ulysses S. Grant
5
Ulysses S. Grant led the most successful Union forces in the West during the Civil War. He caused Lincoln to promote him from colonel to general because he was so good at organizing and training volunteers in Illinois. He led many victories, one of them being Fort Donelson’s takeover. At the Battle of Shiloh, the Southerners had driven the Union forces back but Grant never gave up. He also attacked Vicksburg in Mississippi by marching his army down the Louisiana side of the river and crossing into Mississippi south of Vicksburg.
Union
Robert E. Lee
6
Before the Civil War, Robert E. Lee had served the United States well. Already recognized for his intelligence in battle and politeness, he had been serving as a Colonel since the Mexican War, later rising as the Superintendent of the Military Academy. He finally rose up in status to become a Lieutenant Colonel 2nd Cavalry. Though his political affairs lied with the Union and the Constitution, his loyalty pushed him over to join his hometown, Virginia. During the war, he became a military advisor, winning many battles to the Confederate’s name. Despite the lack of supplies and population of his side, Lee used his strategies and skills to his advantage, bringing the Confederates as far as they went during the war. After the surrender of the Confederacy, he is said to have “assumed the presidency of Washington College” (americancivilwar.com). His legacy has set an example to many out there, especially to his fellow ex-Confederates after the war.
Confederate
William T. Sherman
7
William T. Sherman was a Union general who led many battles to Union wins and was a key figure in the success of the Northerners in the Civil War. General Sherman was a great leader, which showed during his march to capture Savannah, Georgia. Sherman, through his successful battle strategies, captures Savannah without a fight. More importantly, he led the Union into victory along with Grant. As Sherman moved North to end the war, he also destroyed the South’s remaining resources and crushed the Southerners’ remaining will to fight. Basically, because of Sherman’s cruel but effective actions led to the end of the Civil War.
Union
William A. Lloyd
8
William A. Lloyd was one of the most secret agents during the Civil War. He served as Lincoln's personal spy during his time in the Confederacy. He remained in the Confederacy for 4 years and gave Lincoln very good information. None of the information was shared outside of the two people, and Lincoln used all of it to his advantage. This began the use of the secret service, where people served the president to protect, and collect information.
Union
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
9
Already widely known for being a hero of the Mexican War and an instructor at the Virginia Military Institute, nobody questioned Jackson’s position as a brigadier general when the Civil War broke out. Leading the South in so many victories, his battles became almost mythical until he was accidentally shot to death. A famous quote of his, “You may be whatever you resolve to be” clearly illustrates the determination and persistence Jackson led his army with during the Civil War. The impact of his life and his strong outlook on life lived to be an example to many after his death, and even after the Civil War.
Confederate
Clara Barton
10
Already dedicating her life to helping out others from a young age, Barton set up a free public school so that the less fortunate could learn without the lack of money holding them back from doing so. During the civil war, she also saw a need in supplies for wounded soldiers. Though she was on the Union side, she helped out both Union and Confederate soldiers, recognizing the hardships in both sides. Even risking her life to give aid to those wounded, she would walk to some of the most dangerous parts of the war to help a suffering man. After the war was over, she established the most widely known organization today, the American Red Cross. Her kind, sacrificing approach carried out in her lifetime lives on today, as millions are still being saved by the American Red Cross.
Union
Stephen A. Douglas
11
Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois raised the issue of slavery in the territories again before the Civil War. He wanted to become President and to win the support of both Northerners and Southerners; he introduced the Kansas-Nebraska Act. After months of debate, Congress passed the act and the Northerners became outraged by it. Douglas believed in popular sovereignty: the majority of people in a state or territory could decide if they want slavery. Some people from the North and the South disagreed on this idea.
Union
Henry Clay
12
Henry Clay was a senator of Kentucky. He tried to find a middle ground about the slavery issue, which was the Compromise of 1850. This compromise included laws such as the admission of California as a free state, the right of the territories of New Mexico and Utah to decide whether or not to have slavery, the abolishment of slavery in Washington, D.C., the giving up of claims of New Mexico by Texas for 10 million dollars, and the returning of slaves back to their owners called the Fugitive Slave Act.
Union
Dred Scott
13
Dred Scott tried very hard to win his freedom in court, but was denied because he was a slave and counted as property, therefore he had no say in the supreme court. He lost and that enraged abolitionists, they wanted Dred Scott to win freedom but the supreme court had no power to free a slave.
Not alive when the two opposing sides existed, but he went against slavery.
Harriet Tubman
14
Harriet Tubman was a very important figure before the Civil war, she hid and moved so many slaves so that they had the chance to escape. She had nothing but courage and was such a powerful woman. She was called the Black Moses for a reason, because she helped so many slaves like herself. Many abolitionists also helped out with the underground railroad and led many slaves to freedom. She influenced many people to follow in her footsteps and support the cause.
Harriet Tubman was not alive when the two opposing sides existed, but she was against slavery.
Millard Fillmore
15
Millard Fillmore was the president of the United States after the death of President Taylor. Millard Fillmore was the main person that affected the passing of the Compromise of 1850. When President Taylor was president, he strongly was against the Compromise of 1850 and was ready to veto it. When he unexpectedly died and Millard Fillmore became president, he strongly supported the Compromise of 1850 and this compromise eventually passed as an official compromise.
Union
John Brown
16
John Brown was a key figure before the Civil War began. He believed that he was ordained by God to end slavery. Brown and some men began killing in a proslavery settlement. He again attacked the federal arsenal in hope to give the weapons to the enslaved people. After that John Brown was sentenced to death by hanging. Northerners hailed Brown as a martyr while the Southerners were outraged by him. The strong differences deepened the anger between the North and the South.
Union
George McClellan
17
After the disaster at Bull Run, Lincoln named General George McClellan to build and command a new army. He was young for commanding general. However, he was an outstanding organizer, an excellent strategist, and well liked by his troops. George McClellan defeated General Robert E. Lee Battle of Antietam in 1862.
Union
Dorothea Dix
18
Starting out as a social reformer devoted to improving conditions for the mentally ill and prisoners, Dix had focused mainly on those two subjects. When the Civil War came about, she took the role as the Union’s Superintendent of Female Nurses. From repeatedly proving to skeptics that women could work as well as men to looking after both the nurses and the soldiers, Dix aided many people during the Civil War. Even though she was technically on the Union’s side, she couldn’t turn away from a wounded soldier and ended up helping both the Union and the Confederate soldiers. When the Civil War finally ended, she turned her focus to the mentally ill again, basically dedicating her entire life to defend and fight for better conditions for those who couldn’t do so themselves.
Union
Joseph Hooker
19
Joseph Hooker was one of the most immoral commanders in the Union army, he wanted to be relieved of duty constantly. Although people criticized him for his work, he was still a really good general and led his troops to many victories. He retired with the rank of major general.
Union
John Wilkes Booth
20
John Wilkes Booth was a Maryland actor with strong Southern sympathies. John Wilkes Booth worked with a group of Southern conspirators in Washington, D.C., to aid the Confederacy. He assigned members of his groups to kill top Union officials. Booth shot President Lincoln in the head which killed him. Northern citizens mourned for the loss of the President who had led them through the war.
Confederate
References:

Abraham Lincoln- America Pathways to the Present (our textbooks)
Harriet Beecher Stowe- http://americancivilwar.com/women/hbs.html
Jefferson Davis- http://americancivilwar.com/south/jeffdavi.html
John C. Calhoun- America Pathways to the Present (our textbooks)
Ulysses S. Grant- "SparkNotes: The Civil War 1850-1865: Key People & Terms." SparkNotes: Today's Most Popular Study Guides. 2010. Web. 01 Nov. 2010. <http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/civilwar/terms.html>
Robert E. Lee- http://americancivilwar.com/south/lee.html
William T. Sherman- America Pathways to the Present (our textbooks)
William A. Lloyd- http://www.civilwarhome.com/lloydbio.htm
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson- http://americancivilwar.com/south/stonewall_jackson.html
Clara Barton- http://americancivilwar.com/women/cb.html
Stephen A. Douglas- "SparkNotes: The Civil War 1850-1865: Key People & Terms." SparkNotes: Today's Most Popular Study Guides. 2010. Web. 01 Nov. 2010. <http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/civilwar/terms.html>
Henry Clay- America Pathways to the Present (our textbooks)
Dred Scott- America Pathways to the Present (our textbooks)
Harriet Tubman- America Pathways to the Present (our textbooks)
Millard Fillmore- America Pathways to the Present (our textbooks)
John Brown- "SparkNotes: The Civil War 1850-1865: Key People & Terms." SparkNotes: Today's Most Popular Study Guides. 2010. Web. 01 Nov. 2010. <http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/civilwar/terms.html>
George McClellan- "SparkNotes: The Civil War 1850-1865: Key People & Terms." SparkNotes: Today's Most Popular Study Guides. 2010. Web. 01 Nov. 2010. <http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/civilwar/terms.html>
Dorothea Dix- http://www.civilwarhome.com/dixbio.htm
Joseph Hooker- http://www.civilwarhome.com/hookbio.htm
John Wilkes Booth- "SparkNotes: The Civil War 1850-1865: Key People & Terms." SparkNotes: Today's Most Popular Study Guides. 2010. Web. 01 Nov. 2010. <http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/civilwar/terms.html>

Task 2:

Battles
View more documents from Brian Yoo.

References:

American History - About.com: http://americanhistory.about.com/od/civilwarbattles/p/cwbattle_bull2.htm
American Civil War: http://americancivilwar.com/getty.html
Civil War Home: http://www.civilwarhome.com/ftsumter.htm
ThinkQuest: http://library.thinkquest.org/3055/netscape/battles/bullrun.html
Military History – About.com: http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/civilwar/p/fredericksburg.htm
“Prentice Hall America: Pathways to the Present” by Andrew Cayton, Elisabeth Israels Perry, Linda Reed, and Allan M. Winkler
Encyclopedia of Arkansas: http://encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=508

New York Times: http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F60E1FF9355B1B7493C6A9178ED85F468684F9&pagewanted=2
Civil War Acadamy: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/403895/Battle-of-Nashville
Battle of Chancellorsville: http://americanhistory.about.com/od/civilwarbattles/p/cwbattle_chance.htm
http://www.nps.gov/history/hps/abpp/battles/va032.htm
Battle at Antietam: http://americanhistory.about.com/od/civilwarbattles/p/cwbattle_antie.htm

Battle of Shiloh: http://americanhistory.about.com/od/civilwarbattles/p/cwbattle_shiloh.htm
http://www.civilwarhome.com/shilohdescription.htm

Battle of the Monitor and the Marrimack: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/389515/Battle-of-the-Monitor-and-Merrimack

Battle of the Wilderness: http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_wilderness.html
Galen History Museum
http://www.galenahistorymuseum.org/granttimeline.htm
PBS

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/brown/timeline/index.html
Time Lines

http://timelines.com/topics/stephen-a-douglas
Blue and Gray Trail

http://blueandgraytrail.com/event/George_McClellan
Center For THe Art Sharford

http://www.centerfortheartsharford.com/media/pdf/th+timeline+%203-09.pdf

Task 3: