U.S. Civil War Abridged Timeline

*Ms. Brown the figures chart is below this chart


BATTLES OF THE CIVIL WAR:










Resources:

Textbook
http://www.ncgenweb.us/mcdowell/military/cwbattledate.htm
http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/tn010.htm


Key Figures of the Civil War


Rank
..................Figure..............
........................................................................Description................................................................
North/South
1
Abraham Lincoln
  • President of U.S.
  • led country through the civil war.
  • started the war
  • He issued the Emancipation Proclamation freeing most of the slaves.
North
2
Robert E. Lee
  • Led confederate army to its culmination
South
3
Ulysses S. Grant
  • One who in fact won the victory that ended the U.S. civil war.
  • Vital figure in many of the battles fought during the civil war.
  • Served as U.S.'s 18nth president
North
4
John Brown
  • John Brown thought that he had been God's chosen man to end slavery. He led Bleeding Kansas and other revolts providing slaves weapons to fight themselves. These revolts were unsuccesful.
North
5
Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson
  • A gifted confederate commander.
  • He played a major role in the first battle of Bull Run.
  • Key militant figure during the war.
South
6
Eli Whitney
  • Created the concept of interchangeable parts which made the war last longer than it might have been.
  • Created cotton gin which made the use of slaves in the south ever more important.
Neutral
7
Clara Barton
  • Greatly helped out in the battlefield as nurse and a deliverer of medical supplies, and was called the angle of the battlefield.
  • Founded the American Red Cross in 1881
North
8
Frederick Douglass
  • Served as a recuiter for the 54th regiment and a major speaker for the abolition cause
  • Important during the war.
North
9
Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Known for writing Uncle Tom's Cabin, which was a story about a cruel slave owner, Simon Legree, who killed his own slave, Uncle Tom. This portrayed a vivid picture of slavery to the Northerners, who did not know of the cold truth. However, this maddened the Southerners who set out to a counterargument that only a small percentage of slave owners treated their slaves the way Simon had. This book increased the tension between the North and the South on the issue of slavery.
North
10
Jefferson Davis
  • The president of the Confederate States of America.
  • He was in charge of the Confederate war plans.
South
11
Robert Gould Shaw
  • He was the colonel in command of the all-black 54th Regiment.
  • He was killed in the failed attempt to capture Fort Wagner.
North
12
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain
  • Technically was an academic theologian
  • Fought in Atietam
  • Returned to duty after each time he had been wounded, which was four times
  • Promoted by U.S. Grant
  • Receives medal of honor for exellence in gettysburg
North
13
Joseph Hooker
  • He was a major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
  • General Lee defeated him.
North
14
Andrew Johnson
  • President from Tennessee who was elected in 1864.
  • Democrat and pro-union Southerner.
South
15
Edward Everett
  • He wrote to Lincoln "I wish I could flatter myself that I had come as near to the central idea of the occasion in two hours as you did in two minutes."

16
George McClellan
  • Union General who stopped Lee's invasion of Maryland.
  • He was seen as inefficient and was replaced.
North
17
William Tecumseh Sherman
  • General in charge of the West.
  • As Grant's army advanced against Lee, he began to mov South from Chattanooga, Tennessee, to threaten the city of Atlanta.
North
18
John Wilkes Booth
  • Assassinated Abraham Lincoln
South
19
Harriet Tubman
  • Harriet Tubman, also known as "Black Moses", is an escaped slave herself.
  • She worked as an Underground Railroad conductor, going back to the South to bring slaves to the North for freedom.
North
20
Joseph Johnston
  • Confederate commander
  • Wounded at the Battle of Pines in Virginia in 1862
South

Resources:

Textbook
http://www.pbs.org/civilwar/war/biographies/grant.html
http://americancivilwar.com/colored/frederick_douglass.html
http://www.pbs.org/civilwar/war/biographies/barton.html
http://www.nps.gov/ulsg/
http://encyclopediavirginia.org/Lee_Robert_Edward_ca_1806-1870
http://www.nps.gov/history/hps/abpp/battles/tn031.htm