CWP C3:




Battle
Month, Year, Location
Outcome
Significant Fact
Battle of Fort Sumter
April 12-14, 1861, South Carolina
Confederacy
This battle was technically before the Civil War and took place before the Upper South seceded. It was unofficially the first battle of the Civil War. It was the first time Lincoln was tested to defend his promises to preserve the Union and do his duties.
Battle of Sewell’s Point
May 28-29, 1861, Virginia
Inconclusive
Unlike other battles, they did only little harm to each other. In order to impose the blockade of Hampton Roads, the Union gun boats dueled with Confederate batteries on Sewell’s Point.
1st Battle of Bull Run
June 21, 1861, Virginia
Confederacy
This was the first major battle of the Civil War. It began with Union forces marching towards Confederate forces and ultimately losing. It marked the first of a line of Union Generals failing beginning with Irvin McDowell.
Battles of Wilson’s Creek
August 10, 1861, Missouri
Confederacy
It is also known as the “Battle of Oak Hills.” In this battle, both sides planned to attack each other at the same time. The confederate attacked the Union three times, but they failed. However, later they won their victory.
Battle of Pea Ridge
March 7-8, 1862, Arkansas
Union
The Confederates outnumbered the Union in this battle, and Van Dorn divided his men into 2 groups. However, the Union learned Van Dorn’s strategies and stopped Rebel’s movement. He also led his second team to a place called Elkhorn Tavern area and took control of that area. But the General Samuel Curtis regained that region and took over the state of Missouri for the next 2 years.
Battle of Shiloh
April 6, 1862, Tennessee
Union
This was a battle that initially looked bad for the Union as the Confederacy managed to surprise attack them but some Union troops took refuge in a ditch called the Hornet's Nest and fended them off.
Battle of New Orleans
April 25-May 1, 1862, Louisiana
Union
This is one the battles where there weren't any casualties for the Union. Louisiana had easily fallen in the hands of the Union just as they arrived the state.
Battle of Seven Days
June 26-July 1, 1862, Virginia
Confederate
General McClellan has reached near Richmond, Virginia with the Union troops. Despite their victories, McClellan withdrew from Richmond and started to move away. Soon they started losing the battle.
2nd Battle of Bull Run
August 29-30, 1862, Virginia
Confederate
In this battle, Lee used an interesting tactic. He divided his army into two groups and faced Pope directly at Bull Run
Battle of Antietam
September 18, 1862, Maryland
Union
With the retreat of the Confederate Army from this battle, President Lincoln went forth with the Emancipation Proclamation, which gave freedom to slaves (not all).
Battle of Fredricksburg
December 11-15, 1982, Virginia
Confederate
General Lee from the South and General Burnside met in this battle. Burnside had a plan to take over Richmond, but because of the Union government's delay, his plans were compromised and lost the battle.
Battle of Stones Rivers
December 31, 1862, Tennessee
Union
In this battle, on January 1, the Union crossed the Stones River and took strong position on the east of the river. In this way, they were able to win their victory.
Battle of Chancellorsville
May 1-4, 1863, Virginia
Confederate
Confederate's most prominent general, "Stonewall" Jackson was killed in the battle, but this was Lee's best victory.
Battle of Gettysburg
July 1-3, 1863, Pennsylvania
Union
This battle marked the point of ultimate victory for the North.
Battle of Vicksburg
May 18-July 4, 1863, Mississippi
Union
This battle was incredibly important as it managed to separate the Confederacy into two parts.
Battle of Chickamauga
September 19-20, 1863, Georgia
Confederate
Although the Confederates won, they couldn't reinforce their advantage.
Battle of Chattanooga
November 23-25, 1863, Tennessee
Union
Abraham Lincoln considered this city just as important as the capital of the Confederacy, Richmond. Chattanooga was important as the railroads in the city linked the Confederacy as a whole.
Battle of the Wilderness
May 5-7, 1864, Virginia
Inconclusive
At dawn on May 6, Hancock used a clever tactic. He attacked along the Plank Road, driving Hill's Corps back in confusion.
Battle of Spotsylvania
May 8-21, 1864, Virginia
Confederate
From this battle, and many successful victories, Grant was met with heavy casualties, which gave him the nickname of "Butcher Grant."
Battle of Nashville
December 15-16, 1864, Tennessee
Union
John Hood led the Confederate army and wanted to defeat the General Sherman's army, so that they would kick them out of Georgia. But eventually, the Confederates lost.


*Guys, next time let's keep them in chronological order from the beginning (: Saves a lot of time from organizing. Felt like I spent a bit too much time on this.
-Luke
1. http://americancivilwar.com/getty.html
2. http://americanhistory.about.com/od/civilwarbattles/p/cwbattle_chick.htm
3. http://americanhistory.about.com/od/civilwarbattles/p/cwbattle_chance.htm
4. http://americanhistory.about.com/od/civilwarbattles/p/cwbattle_spots.htm
5. http://americanhistory.about.com/od/civilwarbattles/p/cwbattle_antie.htm

First Battle of Bull Run:
http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va005.htm
Fort Sumter:
http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/sc001.htm
Shiloh:
http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/tn003.htm
Chattanooga:
http://ngeorgia.com/history/chat.html
Vicksburg:
http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/ms011.htm
Battle of Pea Ridges: www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/ battle s/ar001.htm
Seven Days battle: http://www.historycentral.com/CivilWar/Seven.html
Battle of New Orleans : http://americanhistory.about.com/od/civilwarbattles/p/cwbattle_newor.htm
battle of Fredricksburg: http://www.nps.gov/frsp/fredhist.htm
Battle of Nashville: http://www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/tn038.htm
2nd battle of bull run:
http://www.civilwaracademy.com/second-bull-run.html
Battle of the Wilderness:
http://www.civilwaracademy.com/civil-war-battles-in-virginia-1864.html
Battle of the Stone's River:
http://www.civilwaracademy.com/civil-war-battles-in-tennessee.html
Battle of the Sewell's Point:
http://www.civilwaracademy.com/civil-war-battles-in-virginia-1861.html
Battle of Wilson's Creek:
http://www.civilwaracademy.com/wilson's-creek.html


Person and Ranking
Description of individual
Side of conflict
1st. Abraham Lincoln
He was the president of the Unites States of America or the Union during the Civil War and was partially responsible for the actual starting of the war itself. He made the Gettysburg Address and the Emancipation Proclamation which were two highly influential documents concerning many of the important conflicts of the time.
He supported the Union
2nd. Jefferson Davis
He was the president of the Confederate States of America. He was once the senator of Mississippi but was elected as the president to go against the Union. Jefferson Davis failed in ruling the Confederate States of America with international relations, etc. After his capture, Robert E. Lee, a general from the Confederate States of America, refused to surrender.
He supported the Confederacy
3rd. Robert E. Lee
He served as the main and commanding general of the Confederate states of America. He was individual who was opposed to the war as he didn't support the Confederacy. He was still, however, the leading general and later the general-in-chief of the Confederate army. He mishandled the Battle of Gettysburg resulting in a heavy loss for the Confederacy.
He supported the Confederacy
4th. Ulysses S. Grant
He was primarily a military commander for the Union and took the role of the Commanding General of the Union. Him and his army essentially ended the Confederate states. He played a major role in key battles such as the Battle of Shiloh or the Chattanooga campaign. He later ran for President and was elected to be the 18th president of the United States.
He supported the Union
5th. Stonewall Jackson
He was a Confederate general who became well-known after General Robert E. Lee. He took part and showed bravery at Bull Run, which is where he got his nickname, "Stonewall" Jackson. He brought victories at Front Royal, Winchester, Cross Keys, and Port Republic. One of his most successful campaigns include Shenandoah Valley Campaign. He was accidentally shot by one of his own men.
He supported the Confederacy
6th. P.G.T Beauregard
He was the first prominent general of the Confederate State Army, and is well-known for the battles of Charleston, and First Bull Run. He opened fire on Fort Sumter, which became the start of the Civil War. He brought the Confederacy victories in the First battle of Manssas, and defended Charleston.
He supported the Confederacy
7th. John Wilkes Booth
He was a stage actor who is well-known for his murder of President Abraham Lincoln. He was one of the conspirators who originally planned on kidnapping President Lincoln for the exchange of prisoners-of-war. He decided to assassinate President Lincoln when his friend informed him about the speech given by the President of Negro Suffrage. He planned his assassination with many other high government officials, but only a few were willing to do this.


8th. Clara Barton
She is known as the mother of the Red Cross, which is widely known for globally aiding those who are unfortunate. She first started by working at the U.S. Patent's office and then started to nurse the wounded.
She supported the Confederacy
9th. Stephen Douglas
He was the one who introduced the Kansas-Nebraska act to the Senate in 1854. 1n 1858, he and Abraham Lincoln competed for the spot in the Senate. Lincoln disagreed to Douglas that Louisiana Purchase has the right to own slaves. Even though in this debate, Douglas won, Lincoln won the presidential election.
He supported the Union
10th. Henry Clay
He was an excellent orator from Kentucky. He was a slave owner himself, but he favored the emancipation of slaves. In the election of 1824, he became the secretary of the state He is known as the "Great Compromiser" because he established what is called the Compromise of 1850. This compromise's purpose was to balance the power in North and South by dealing the slavery but it ended up leading to the Civil War.
His position on the civil war is highly debatable as he is known as the "Great Compromiser"
11th. John C. Calhoun
He worked with Henry Clay to find ways to compromise tariff measure. But, he instead took a spot in the Senate where he believed that he will obtain South's interest. He presented with the "gag rule." He believed that South needed more protection in the federal union and that South benefited all the others.
He supported the Confederacy
12th. William Tecumseh Sherman
He was a general for the Union. He brought home many victories, and was involved in the First Bull Run, Kentucky, Chattanoga. Under Anderson, he became an excellent commander, and took place as a general after Anderson. His march ended two days before Christmas, and is known as the "most hated man" in Georgia.
He supported the Union
13th. Harriet Beecher Stowe
She was a abolitionist and novelist who wrote "Uncle Tom's Cabin," which greatly changed the views of many people on the idea of slavery. It didn't actually start the war but it did bring people some brutal ideas on slavery. This probably is the reason why there was Fugitive Slave Law of 1850.
She supported the Union
14th. Dred Scott
Scott played a major role before the Civil war actually began. He was the one whose court case led to the Missouri Compromise being ruled unconstitutional and the Supreme Court supporting the slaveowners. His court case, Dred Scott vs. Sanford played a major role in the playing out of abolitionism in the states and is even now widely quoted.
He supported the Union
15th. John Brown
He was a very passionate abolitionist who wasn't afraid to use violence. Even though he passed away prior to the Civil war he played a key role in inspiring the violence before Fort Sumter. Him and his sons and followers played an important role in Bloody Kansas and went to kill proslavery activists in front of their family. His raid on Harpers Ferry lead to his death but was an important event in the abolitionist movement as he sought to bring down slavery.
He supported the Union
16th. Daniel Webster
He took part in the Dartmouth college case. He opposed the annexation of United States and Texas. He also supported the Compromise of 1850, by giving a thoughtful speech known as the :The Seventh of March Speech.
He supported the Union
17th. Rose O'Neal Greenhow
She served as a Confederate spy who brought home the victory at the Battle of Bull Run. Her 10-word message was the biggest help to winning the Battle of Bull Run. She often travled with high ranked political leaders, as well as generals, and eventually developed intimate friendships with them. This circle of friends helped her especially towards the beginning of the war.
She supported the Confederacy
18th. Harriet Tubman
She was the creator of the Underground Railroad (UGRR). She went through a harsh childhood in slavery and managed to escape to Canada with help from her acquaintances. After her escape, she married a free black man, John Tubman. The UGRR gave hope to the African slaves who lived in the southern plantations.
She supported the Union
19th. Sojourner Truth
Sojourner Truth went through harsh slavery conditions during childhood. She was not only a abolitionist but also women activist and a religious preacher. She supported the regiment with food supplies. Truth also met Abe Lincoln in the White House.
She supported the Union
20th. Frederick Douglass
He was man who suffered through a lot of pain. He was once put into jail because of the revelation of his escape plan. However, despite his failures, he continued his educational pursuit and influence a lot of people nationwide by publishing various publications, such as the Liberator. This newspaper influenced many Northerners and slaves by giving them hope and alertness.
He supported the Union
Citations:

The Life of Harriet Tubman - New York History
Net:
www.nyhistory.com/harriettubman/life.htm
Clara Barton Biography:
http://www.civilwarhome.com/bartonbio.htm
Sojourner Truth biography:
http://www.lkwdpl.org/wihohio/trut-soj.htm
Fredrick Douglass:
www.lkwdpl.org/wihohio/trut-soj.htm
Jefferson Davis Biography:
www.civilwarhome.com/jdavisbio.htm
Abraham Lincoln
http://sc94.ameslab.gov/tour/alincoln.html
Robert E. Lee Biography
http://www.civilwarhome.com/leebio.htm
Ulysses S Grant
http://www.ulyssessgrant.org/
Dred Scott Case
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4h2933.html
John Brown. Biography
http://www.civilwarhome.com/johnbrownbio.htm
Harriet Beecher Stowe in the civil war
(http://www.shmoop.com/civil-war/harriet-beecher-stowe.html)
Daniel Webster
(http://www.nndb.com/people/445/000024373/)
John C. Calhoun
(http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h272.html)
Henry Clay
(http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h321.html)
Spartacus Educational: Stephen Arnold Douglas
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAdouglas.htm







Hi guys, this is Luke so I guess we'll be doing communications through here unless someone wants to set up a google doc.
I've made a discussion under the discussion category for this page thingy so respond there?
Once Everyones got there material in, we'll try to put together a tentative list of importance?
My 5 figures will be:
Abraham Lincoln
Robert E. Lee
Ulysses S. Grant
John Brown
Dred Scott

Hi(; this is Lisa and my 5 figures will be:
Stephen Douglas
Henry Clay
John C.Calhoun
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Daniel Webster

Ethan Cha:
Harriet Tubman
Clara Barton
Sojourner Truth
Fredrick Douglass
Jefferson Davis

Jamie
(Hey Jamie, I changed some of your people as they're probably more influential and more importantly easier to find information on):
Stonewall Jackson
John Wilkes Booth
P.G.T. Beauregard
William Tecumseh Sherman
Clara Barton